Penetration Testing – Definition
Penetration Testing or pen testing is a method of testing an organization’s data defense from a controlled ethical hacking environment. Scope of the penetration test is defined and a penetrating testing company will attempt to hack into a company’s network to expose and exploit organization’s network weaknesses.With the rise of threats, many ‘would be cyber’ companies are jumping on the cyber security bandwagon, offering a variety of solutions to the market place, often times ill equipped and lacking the proper experience to successfully manage the right cyber security solutions and proactive network security testing.
The penetration testing process typically identifies a target system and identifies particular goals, The testing team performs discovery of that system or systems and then attempts to achieve the penetration testing goals. A penetration test project might be white box penetration test (which provides credentials and network information, typically used for insider threat assessments) a black=box pen-test (provides no information other than targeted system, ie web app IP address) and a gray-box penetration test which would be a combination of both black-box and white-box Penetration testing (where some information is shared with the penetration testing team). A penetration test is a proactive assessment that help determine if a system is vulnerable to attack by bad actors (hackers, criminals, terrorists etc)
A Penetration test will identify the potential impact of vulnerabilities to the organization and recommends proper remediation efforts to fix the vulnerabilities to ultimate reduce risk
The National Cyber Security Center, states that penetration testing is defined as “A method for gaining assurance in the security of an IT system by attempting to breach some or all of that system’s security, using the same tools and techniques as an adversary might.”
Top Rated Penetration Testing Companies
The top rated list of Penetration Testing Companies is based on companies that offer true penetration testing (pen testing) with remediation planning, and does not include the variety of do-it-yourself penetration testing software.
Best Penetration Testing Companies Rated:
To determine the list of top penetration testing companies in the USA, a ‘mock pentest’ was requested from 30 plus providers and based on response or lack of response many companies that state they provide pen-testing did not make the top rated list. The list does not contain do-it-yourself or the one-size-fits-all offerings or automated scanning services. This list of the best penetration testing service providers have been identified by measuring the following review criteria.
- Timely response and overall customer experience
- Comparison of Sample Penetration Testing Reports and Penetration Scoping documents
- Support Information available
- Credentials, Certifications, Industry Pen-testing experience
- Scoping Discussion with Penetration Testing Engineering Team
- Price and Value
- Manual Penetration Testing (MCPT) compared to Automated vulnerability Reporting (PTaaS)
- Penetration Testing – Retest availability
- Penetration Testing Customer Reviews
- Scoping Capabilities- Application Penetration Testing, Internal and External Network Penetration Testing, IoT Pen-testing
Here is the 2021 list of top US penetration testing companies:
1. Redbot Security
Redbot Security can customize a penetration testing scope based for any size client project and budget. Redbot Security penetration testing team is ranked on the world’s ethical hacker list within the top 5 spots and have performed penetration testing work for companies ranging from Fortune 100 to SMBs. Redbot Security scoping and detailed remediation reporting is the cleanest and most comprehensive in the industry. Redbot specializes in ICS/SCADA, Wireless, Application and Internal/ External Penetration Testing. Redbot Security’s Penetration Testing division is operated as a lean company with little overhead, with a mission to provide customers with enterprise level services and highly competitive service rates – making the company highly sought after for any size Penetration Testing project. The company has the unique ability to scope small to large projects, meeting the budgets and timelines of their clients.
In addition, Redbot Security penetration testing is reviewed and analyzed by a team of Sr. Level Engineers that have worked in the space for over 20 years and manage real world threat detection for many large enterprise companies, daily.
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Redbot Security Certifications
Personnel within Redbot Security’s Penetration Testing team are Certified Incident Responders and Industrial Control System Certified – Incident Command System, FEMA, U.S Department of Homeland Security Cyber Emergency Response Team, OPSEC, Influence of Common IT Components ICS, Mapping IT Defense to ICS, Current Trends (threats) (vulnerabilities)– ICS, IT & ICS Attack Methodologies, ICS Domains, Determining the Impacts of a Cybersecurity Incident. Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP), GIAC Penetration Tester (GPEN) GIAC Web Application Penetration Tester (GWAPT), EC Council Certified Ethical Hacker C|EH, Certified Digital Forensic Examiner (CDFE) Defense Cyber Crime Institute (DCITA) DoD, Certified Digital Media Collector (CDMC) Defense Cyber Crime Institute (DCITA) DoD, Certified Information Assurance Security Officer (IASO) DoD. Penetration Certification, CISSP, Security+, CCNP, CCNA, CCDP, CCDA, MCSE, A+ CWNA CWDP and a variety of firewall and network solution Certifications.
The Redbot Security Penetration team reviews and analyzes the exploits and vulnerabilities and is able to manage complete remediation after the penetration testing is complete and provides a free retest of remediated vulnerabilities.
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Redbot Security Red Team
Redbot Security also is able to deploy red-team security at a moments notice and can perform penetration testing across multiple systems, applications, IoT, wireless and ICS/SCADA systems. Redbot provides External Penetration Testing, Internal Penetration Testing, Physical Onsite Red Team Exercises led by the industries top Red Team Leaders/experts. In addition Redbot Security provides a host of social engineering services, mission critical testing and Post Incident Digital Forensics. Redbot’s Penetration testing process is clearly defined and each project deploys senior level, fully certified USA based engineers. Redbot utilizes proprietary Open Source Intelligence Gathering (OSINT) with Dark-web search capabilities along with providing remediation consulting. Redbot provides retesting of remediated vulnerabilities at no cost, built into scoping/statement of work.
Redbot Security Project Management and Scoping
Redbot Security’s Project scoping is based on customer budget and constraints and can be customized for small to enterprise businesses. Redbot Security specializes in External, Internal, Wireless, Web Application, Web service Penetration and ICS/SCADA penetration testing. Redbot Security Penetration Testing engineers are top secret cleared and certified incident responders . Contact Redbot Security Here.
- Read More Tips for how to select the Best Penetration Team for your project. View Article Here
- View Best Practice Penetration Scoping Process – View Page Here
- Learn More about Penetration Testing vs Vulnerability Assessments Here
- Dive Deeper into What is Penetration Testing and Penetration Testing Tools Here
2. Secureworks Penetration Testing
Secureworks approaches every penetration test as unique to every organization. Our methodology is performed by the industry’s top security testers, leveraging our proprietary tactics and intelligence from the Secureworks Counter Threat Unit™. Both Penetration and Advanced Penetration Tests are designed to show how an attacker would gain unauthorized access to your environment by compromising in-scope systems and highlight pivoting opportunities from compromised hosts. Based on the findings, Secureworks will discuss the findings with all relevant audiences and provide a customized course of action for both leadership and technical audiences.
3. FireEye Penetration Testing
FireEye cyber security products combat today’s advanced persistent threats (APTs). As an integral piece of an Adaptive Defense strategy, our state-of-the-art network security offerings protect against cyber attacks that bypass traditional signature-based tools such as antivirus software, next-generation firewalls, and sandbox tools. The company offers penetration testing through a 3rd party with additional support for remediation which has them join our Top Penetration Testing Company list.
4. Rapid7 Penetration Testing
At Rapid7, we believe in simplifying the complex through shared visibility, analytics, and automation that unite your teams around challenges and successes of cybersecurity. Whether you’re looking for a comprehensive security platform, an assessment to better understand your security posture, or something in between, we’ve got your back.
5. VeraCode Penetration Testing
Veracode Manual Penetration Testing (MPT) complements Veracode’s automated scanning technologies with best-in-class penetration testing services to find business logic and other complex vulnerabilities in web, mobile, desktop, back-end and IoT applications. Using a proven process to ensure high customer satisfaction, Veracode MPT provides detailed results, including attack simulations, through the Veracode Application Security Platform, where both manual and automated testing results are assessed against your corporate policy. Developers can consult Veracode application security consultants on the findings and retest uncovered vulnerabilities to verify successful remediation.
Think someone else should be on the list of top rated penetration testing companies? Let us know and we’ll review their offerings. Please make suggestions by contacting publisher here
Here is latest updated comparison table of Top USA Penetration Testing Firms with at look at services offered (Last updated on February 20, 2021)
When should your organization perform a Penetration Test?
- Perform Penetration Testing with the addition of new network infrastructure devices or applications
- Upgrades, Modifications, Patches, Firewall Changes made to infrastructure and applications
- When Policy, Compliance and regulation changes. its time to order a penetration test
- New locations should be Pen-tested
Discover Gaps In Compliance
Using penetration testing as a means to identify gaps in compliance is a bit closer to auditing than true security engineering, but experienced penetration testers often breach a perimeter because someone did not get all the machines patched, or possibly because a non-compliant machine was put up “temporarily” and ended up becoming a critical resource. In today’s heavily regulated environment, many organizations are looking for better ways to continually assess their compliance posture. Most regulations have multiple components specifically related to system auditing and security.
Top Rated Penetration Testing Companies typically have the ability to scope a wide range of projects. When searching for the Best Penetration Testing Company for your project, you’ll need to clearly define your goals and expectations. Larger Penetration Testing Firms might turn away your project if it is on the smaller scale, since their top engineers are working on larger, more time intensive projects.
Different Types of Penetration Tests
Many Penetration tests performed by the Top Penetration Testing Companies will include common hacking techniques and may or may not include the use of automated Penetration Testing tools along with manual Penetration Testing.
- Generic vulnerability tests: Attempt to determine the presence of known vulnerabilities and to exploit them. This includes vulnerabilities related to legitimately provided services such as HTTP, FTP, SMTP mail exchangers and gateways, DNS, IMAP/POP, file and print sharing services, etc.
- Network characteristics and topology tests: Attempt to determine the presence and exploit vulnerabilities relate to network topology, network components configuration and design principles and protocol specific characteristics. These includes tests that consider spoofing techniques, protocol specific tests such as usage of IP options, fragmentation, exploit of trust relationships, protocol encapsulation, routing tricks, design and implementation flaws in several network protocols and related services, etc.
- Miss-configuration tests: Attempt to identify and exploit typical miss-configuration problems.
- VLAN Isolation: Verify that the different functional network segments are physically or logically isolated. For example, that the servers and workstations are isolated on the target network.
Please include attribution to Redbot Security with this graphic.
Research and hiring a penetration testing company for your project.
Penetration testing is controlled security testing in which the engineer will mimic real-world attacks to identify methods for circumventing the security features of an application, system, or network. Based on the Penetration Testing company that you hire, Penetration Testing almost always involves launching real world attacks on real systems and data that use tools and techniques commonly used by attackers. Knowing that your systems will be attacked, it then becomes critical that you hiring only the best Sr. Level Penetration Testing company that fully understands your systems. In addition, it is vitally important that the team you hire is engaged, reachable (within the United States) and has a solid communication plan in place.
Most penetration tests involve looking for combinations of vulnerabilities on one or more systems that can be used to gain more access than could be achieved through a single vulnerability. This is important to understand when selecting an experienced penetration testing company. Junior level engineers or vulnerability scanning companies (the ones that offer 1 size package fits all) typically do not know how to chain together a combination of different vulnerabilities to achieve exploitation. Special Note: These type of reports (Vulnerability Reports disguised as Penetration tests) are usually excessive and contain many false positives and irrelevant information. Your IT team will be lost in a sea of paperwork and fluff. (For more information on the difference between vulnerability scanning vs a penetration test, please visit here.)
In addition, many manual controlled Penetration tests will determine if your systems are able to tolerate real world-style attack patterns. Obviously knowing this, it becomes an even more sensitive testing engagement when the systems are legacy and potentially operate critical infrastructure. Learn more about ICS/SCADA Testing here.
Attackers are sophisticated and are always seeking new methods to exploit their victims. Penetration testing companies need to continually be updated and researched on new methods and exploits in order to out pace the current threat environment. Check out some useful fixes (easy) that will immediately help to secure your network here.
NIST states: “Penetration testing can be invaluable, but it is labor-intensive and requires great expertise to minimize the risk to targeted systems. Systems may be damaged or otherwise rendered inoperable during the course of penetration testing, even though the organization benefits in knowing how a system could be rendered inoperable by an intruder. Although experienced penetration testers can mitigate this risk, it can never be fully eliminated. Penetration testing should be performed only after careful consideration, notification, and planning.”
Other types of Penetration testing often include non-technical methods of attack. For example Redbot Security is one company that provides simulated breaching of physical security controls and procedures that a company may have in place. Goals could be to connect to a network, steal equipment, capture sensitive information (possibly by installing keylogging devices), or disrupt communications. Learn More about Physical Security Penetration Testing Here.
NIST 800 Warns “that caution should be exercised when performing physical security testing—security guards should be made aware of how to verify the validity of tester activity, such as via a point of contact or documentation. Another nontechnical means of attack is the use of social engineering, such as posing as a help desk agent and calling to request a user’s passwords, or calling the help desk posing as a user and asking for a password to be reset. “
For Addition Penetration Testing Information and Penetration Testing Reference Material:
NIST SP 800-115
“Penetration testing can be useful for determining:
- How well the system tolerates real world-style attack patterns
- The likely level of sophistication an attacker needs to successfully compromise the system
- Additional countermeasures that could mitigate threats against the system
- Defenders’ ability to detect attacks and respond appropriately.
Penetration testing can be invaluable, but it is labor-intensive and requires great expertise to minimize the risk to targeted systems. Systems may be damaged or otherwise rendered inoperable during the course of penetration testing, even though the organization benefits in knowing how a system could be rendered inoperable by an intruder. Although experienced penetration testers can mitigate this risk, it can never be fully eliminated. Penetration testing should be performed only after careful consideration, notification, and planning”
Industrial control systems (ICS), including supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA)
ICS are found in many industries such as electric, water and wastewater, transportation, oil and natural gas, chemical, pharmaceutical, and manufacturing (e.g., automotive, aerospace, etc). Because there are many different types of ICS with varying levels of potential risk and impact, there are many different methods and techniques for securing ICS, among them is Penetration Testing.
Examples of potential consequences of an ICS incident:
* Impact on national security—facilitate an act of terrorism.
* Reduction or loss of production at one site or multiple sites simultaneously.
* Injury or death of employees.
* Injury or death of persons in the community.
* Damage to equipment.
* Release, diversion, or theft of hazardous materials.
* Environmental damage.
* Violation of regulatory requirements.
* Product contamination.
* Criminal or civil legal liabilities.
* Loss of proprietary or confidential information.
* Loss of brand image or customer confidence.
The security controls that fall within the NIST SP 800-53 Risk Assessment (RA) family provide policy and procedures to develop, distribute, and maintain a documented risk assessment policy that describes purpose, scope, roles, responsibilities, and compliance as well as policy implementation procedures. An information system and associated data is categorized based on the security objectives and a range of risk levels. A risk assessment is performed to identify risks and the magnitude of harm that could result from the unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction of an information system and data. Also included in these controls are mechanisms for keeping risk assessments up-to-date and performing periodic testing and vulnerability assessments.
Supplemental guidance for the RA controls can be found in the following documents:
NIST SP 800-30 provides guidance on conducting risk assessments and updates .
NIST SP 800-39 provides guidance on risk management at all organizational levels .
NIST SP 800-40 provides guidance on handling security patches .
NIST SP 800-115 provides guidance on network security testing .
NIST SP 800-60 provides guidance on determining security categories for information types .
NIST SP 800-100 provides guidance on information security governance and planning .
59 SANS White Papers
Web Application Penetration Testing for PCI – Learn More Here
The Verizon 2014 Data Breach Investigations Report reported 3,937 total web application related incidents, with 490 confirmed unauthorized data disclosures (Verizon, 2014)”
OWASP Top 10 Most Critical Web Application Security Risks
The OWASP Top 10 is a powerful awareness document for web application security. It represents a broad consensus about the most critical security risks to web applications. Project members include a variety of security experts from around the world who have shared their expertise to produce this list.
We urge all companies to adopt this awareness document within their organization and start the process of ensuring that their web applications minimize these risks. Adopting the OWASP Top 10 is perhaps the most effective first step towards changing the software development culture within your organization into one that produces secure code.
Learn More Here
Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual (OSSTMM)
OSSTMM is a methodology to test the operational security of physical locations, workflow, human security testing, physical security testing, wireless security testing, telecommunication security testing, data networks security testing and compliance. OSSTMM can be supporting reference of IOS 27001 instead of a hands-on penetration testing guide.
OSSTMM includes the following key sections:
- Operational Security Metrics
- Trust Analysis
- Work Flow.
- Human Security Testing
- Physical Security Testing
- Wireless Security Testing
- Telecommunications Security Testing
- Data Networks Security Testing
- Compliance Regulations
- Reporting with the STAR (Security Test Audit Report)
Learn More Here
Application Software Security – 11 recommended implementation measures:
- Implement a Web Application Firewall (WAF)
- Error checking all input
- Use an automated scanner to look for security weaknesses
- Output sanitization of error messages
- Segregation development and production environments
- Secure code analysis, manual and automated
- Verify vendor security processes
- Database configuration hardening
- Train developers on writing secure code
- Remove development artifacts from production code
While many controls are definitely of a technical nature, it is important to distinguish the way in which controls differ from coding techniques. Many things we might think of as controls, should more properly be put into coding standards or guidelines. As an example, NIST SP800-53 suggests five controls related to session management:
- Concurrent Session Control
- Session Lock
- Session Termination
- Session Audit
- Session Authenticity
Note that three of these are included within the category of Access Controls. In most cases, NIST explicitly calls for the organization to define some of the elements of how these controls should be implemented.
Learn More Here
Finding the right trustworthy penetration testing firm is not a hard task if you do your homework. There are many pen-testing companies based in the USA that provide controlled penetration testing. To identify the best penetration testing firm for your project you should consider experience, credentials, scoping documentation and customer service quality. Once you have identified the best penetration testing firm for your project, the report delivered is just as important of the quality of the test. Penetration Testing Reporting should include remediation recommendations and vulnerabilities should be classified as Critical, High, Moderate, Low and Informational. Here are some additional things to consider when reviewing Penetration Testing Companies:
Important Penetration Testing Checklist when searching for the Best Penetration Testing Company for your Project:
- Are the engineers assigned to your project Senior Level or Junior Level
- What is the time-box for the testing period?
- Is your budget in place
- What are your goals of the test? (e.g. escalation of privileges, proof of defacement, proof of critical system access
- Compliance requirements
- Report Audience ( Executive level reporting, technical reporting, Customer facing redacted Pen-test report)
- Specialty Penetration testing (ICS/SCADA, IoT)
- Retesting requirements ( are retests built into service/ statement of work)
- Is the Penetration Testing Company Full-Service? (can they help with remediation and offer additional cybersecurity services)
- Recurring Penetration Test (is the penetration testing company a one-off or a potential ongoing security partner)
Learn more about top quality -full service penetration testing here.
Contact Redbot Security
Redbot Security Featured Penetration Testing Services: Internal Penetration Testing
Internal Penetration Testing is a proactive step your company can take to ensure the security of your internal networks. Redbot Security will perform the following steps:
- Reconnaissance and Enumeration focuses on trying to identify targets for the assessment using passive means. For the internal assessment, we will use sniffing tools to identify unencrypted services such as FTP and Telnet as well as passwords or other sensitive data/credentials being passed in clear-text.
- Tools Include: Discover, domainCat, domainhunter, Egress-Assess, EyeWitness, httpscreenshot, InSpy, knock, linkScrape, MailSniper, ruler, SimplyEmail, Metasploit Framework modules, Kali Linux and custom scripts.
- Network Surveying and Services Identification is the process of using methods such as port scanning, service and OS fingerprinting, and vulnerability scanning. This will help Redbot Security identify open ports, protocols and services throughout the environment and enumerate the attack surface. During this phase Redbot Security will fingerprint and catalog versioning information on all protocols and services available as well as any present vulnerabilities.
- Tools Include: Nexpose, Nmap, Wireshark, Unicornscan, Xprobe2, Hping3, ike-scan, Scapy, Kali Linux and custom scripts.
- Network Penetration Testing will use the data gathered in previous phases to develop an attack plan. The attack plan will consist of version and signature-based vulnerabilities, manually identified and chained attacks, as well as other attacks identified by the testers. Furthermore, the attack plan and execution can be tailored to account for organization-specific threat agents. The attack plan is then executed focusing on gaining access to systems and data. Once initial access is gained the goal shifts to escalate privileges to make the attack more pervasive and gain access to sensitive assets and information.
- Tools Include: Nmap, Metasploit, CrackMapExec, PowerSploit, Empire, BurpSuitePro, Veil, sslScrape, SIET, BloodHound, Sharphound, SIET, unicorn, dnsenum, Burpsuite Pro, enum4linux, impacket, Responder, Wireshark, Unicornscan, Inguma, Kali Linux and custom scripts.
- Password Cracking is typically conducted in conjunction with the network penetration testing phase. Services with authenticated logins are tested against a dynamic username and password list tailored to the organization based on information gathered in previous phases and industry password security trends. The goal of this aspect of the assessment is to obtain access to services and devices that are not available through configuration error and/or vulnerability exploitation.
- Tools Include: Metasploit, Hydra, Medusa, Hashcat, John the Ripper, SSHater, rcrack, WyD, Kali Linux and custom scripts.
- Root Cause Analysis and Reporting for compiling the results of the penetration testing and building comprehensive findings for all issues found. Redbot Security will provide analysis and reporting of each identified risk with documented attack chains and proofs-of-concept (PoCs).
Learn more about top quality -full service penetration testing here.
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